UPS power related terms and parameters

by:Power Kingdom     2021-06-24
Label: Label: UPS power parameter    1. Load load can be divided into three categories, 10kV·A or less is small load, 10~60kV·A is medium load, and 60kV·A or more is heavy load.   2. Harmonic content (distortion) of the output voltage. Harmonic voltage will cause noise to the reference voltage in the circuit and the logic circuit operating at low voltage.   3. Efficiency For a large system, the efficiency must be high enough. For example, if a 125kV·A UPS has an efficiency of only 85%, the annual additional cost is equivalent to 30% of the initial investment. 4. Step load When a part of the load is switched on or off, the load will have a step change. Because the UPS cannot instantly correct this sudden change in current, the output voltage will change accordingly. Because of the small load, only a few devices are connected, sometimes a 100% step load will appear. The step of medium load does not exceed 50%. The large load can only appear in the step load exceeding z5% under abnormal operating conditions. The general inverter design can meet the step load of less than 25%. 5. Volume Small and medium-sized UPS requires the volume to be as small as possible. 6. Non-linear load refers to inductive load or capacitive load. In computer systems, nonlinear loads are mainly hosts, printers (especially laser printers) and display terminals; linear loads are mainly disk and tape devices. Generally, small loads are non-linear loads; medium loads are linear and non-linear loads are similar or one of them is slightly larger; and large loads are generally linear loads, because large loads are composed of multiple devices, one after another during operation, and the overall load looks relatively large stable. 7. Noise The noise level of UPS uninterruptible power supply should not exceed the noise level required by the environment where it is located.
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