Question: How does the 12V battery output 220V AC voltage?

by:Power Kingdom     2021-06-23
Label: 12V to 220 inverter label: 12V battery 220V voltage How does the inverter 12V battery output 220V voltage? The use of inverters is the most commonly used one. So how to choose an inverter, let's take a look at the classification of inverters. There are two main types of inverters, one is a sine wave inverter, and the other is a square wave inverter. The output of the sine wave inverter is the same or better sine wave AC power as the grid we use daily, because it does not have electromagnetic pollution in the grid. The square-wave inverter outputs poor-quality square-wave alternating current, and its maximum value in the positive direction to the maximum value in the negative direction are generated almost at the same time, which will cause severe and unstable effects on the load and the inverter itself. At the same time, its load capacity is poor, only 40-60% of the rated load, and it cannot carry inductive load. If the load is too large, the third harmonic component contained in the square wave current will increase the capacitive current flowing into the load, which will damage the power filter capacitor of the load in severe cases. In response to the above shortcomings, quasi-sine wave (or improved sine wave, modified sine wave, analog sine wave, etc.) inverters have appeared in recent years. There is a time between the output waveform from the positive maximum value to the negative maximum value. Interval, the use effect has been improved, but the waveform of the quasi-sine wave is still composed of polyline, which belongs to the category of square wave, and the continuity is not good. All in all, sine wave inverters provide high-quality alternating current, which can drive any kind of load, but the technical requirements and costs are high. Quasi-sine wave inverters can meet most of our electricity needs, with high efficiency, low noise, and moderate prices, so they have become mainstream products in the market. The production of square wave inverter adopts simple multivibrator. Its technology belongs to the level of the 1950s and will gradually withdraw from the market. Inverters can be divided into coal-fired inverters, solar inverters, wind energy inverters, and nuclear energy inverters according to different power sources. According to different purposes, it can also be divided into independent control inverters and grid-connected inverters. As mentioned above, the inverter itself consumes part of the power when it is working, so its input power is greater than its output power. The efficiency of the inverter is the ratio of the output power of the inverter to the input power. For example, an inverter inputs 100 watts of direct current from a 12V battery and outputs 90 watts of alternating current, then its efficiency is 90%. At present, the efficiency of solar inverters in Europe and the United States is relatively high. The European standard is 97.2%, but the price is relatively expensive.
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